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Table 4 The physical-technical entry competencies’ dependency on education biographies, general cognitive abilities, performance data from school, motivation

From: Physical-technical prior competencies of engineering students

Variable Level η 2
Year of birth (N = 296)   0.024**
Type of higher education entrance qualification (N = ) General entrance qualification (68,5%) 0.027*
University of applied sciences entrance qualification (10%)
Subject-specific entrance qualification (21%)
Special regulation (0,5%)
Year of higher education entrance qualification (N = 295)   0.004
Final grade of the higher education entrance qualification (N = 293) 1.0-1.5 (9%) | 1.6-2.2 (45,5%) 0.123***
2.3-2.9 (34,5%)| 3.0-3.6 (11%)
>3.6 (0%)
Number of mathematics lessons per week (senior high school) (N = 292) 0 (1,5%)| 1–2 (3,5%) 0.001
3–4 (67,5%) | >4 (27,5%)
Type of final examination in mathematics (N = 291) Both (6%) | none (4%) 0.039**
Oral (1,5%) | written (88,5%)
Grade of final examination in mathematics (N = 287) 1.0-1.5 (29,5%) | 1.6-2.2 (30,5%) 0.117***
2.3-2.9 (16,5%) | 3.0-3.6 (17,5%) | >3.6 (6%)
Number of physics lessons per week (senior high school) (N = 294) 0 (17%) | 1–2 (19%) 0.104***
3–4 (42%) | >4 (22%)
Type of final examination in physics (N = 291) Both (3,5%) | none (55%) 0.046**
Oral (1,5%) | written (40%)
Grade of final examination in physics (N = 231) 1.0-1.5 (24,5%) | 1.6-2.2 (32,5%) 0.092***
2.3-2.9 (24%) | 3.0-3.6 (14%) | >3.6 (5%)
Federal state of higher education entrance qualification (N = 289) bw (78%)| by (4%) | hs (1%) | nrw (15%) 0.021
ns (1%) | rp (1%)l
Type of school of higher education entrance qualification (N = 291) AG (54,5%) | ber.G (2%) | FS (2,5%) 0.096***
int.GS (2%) | OS/KO (27%) | TG (9%)
other (3%)m
Intrinsic/identified motivation mathematics (N = 283)   0.014*
Intrinsic/identified motivation physics (N = 247)   0.047***
Mathematical competency (N = 315)   0.207***
Intelligence (N = 531)   0.074***
  1. The last column specifies the partial eta-squared η2 and the significance of the ANOVA.
  2. Levels of significance: ***p < .001; **p < .01; *p < .05.