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Table 2 Descriptive data for the sample of prospective teachers

From: The impact of university teacher training on prospective teachers’ CK and PCK – a comparison between Austria and Germany

Variables Germany ( n= 1.152) Austria ( n= 249)
Level of university education* Bachelor’s ( n= 590) Master’s ( n= 552) Diploma < 5th semester ( n= 37) Master ( n= 144) and diploma ≥ 5th semester ( n= 62)
Age M (SD) 23.55 (3.12) 26.21 (3.4) 24.73 (6.70) 27.50 (5.98)
High school GPA M (SD) (1 to 4; 1 best grade)** 2.35 (0.54) 2.33 (0.53) 2.20 (0.80) 1.89 (0.70)
Sex female 64% 67% 76% 70%
OTL outside of university education (Dummy variables)   
Commercial educational background 63% 71% 84% 74%
Commercial high school (Germany: Abitur; Austria: Matura) 40% 42% 71% 73%
Commercial apprenticeship 41% 54% 24% 4%
Internship in accounting 13% 14% 30% 31%
Internship in school 27% 82% 8% 57%
OTL during university education (Dummy variables)   
Specialisation in business (no second teaching subject) 36% 39% 100% 100%
Courses in business didactics 19% 41% 30% 69%
Courses in accounting didactics 5% 12% 38% 68%
Major in accounting***     
Bachelor-level 10% 8% 35% 17%
Master-level - 8% - 13%
  1. Note. *Level of university education: 10 missing observations in Germany and 6 missing observations in Austria.
  2. **German GPA = grade point average of all courses; Austrian GPA = grade point average of main courses (Mathematics, German, Foreign Language, and if a commercial high school was attended – Accounting).
  3. ***Prospective teachers with a major in accounting attended additional courses in accounting beyond the obligatory accounting courses.