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Table 1 Description of the variables included in the study

From: Combining teaching with another job: a possible resource to face professional challenges. Preliminary findings from a Swiss study in vocational education and training

Variables Item/sample items Item response range N items Alpha
Perceived exposure to threatening factors How often have you faced the following challenges?    
 Challenges at the macro-system level Perceiving low social recognition 1 (never)—5 (always) 4 .78
 Difficulties in balancing work and other activities Difficulties achieving work–life balance 1 (never)—5 (always) 3 .62
 School-related challenges Facing conflicts with colleagues 1 (never)—5 (always) 3 .73
 Classroom-related challenges Facing challenging students 1 (never)—5 (always) 4 .82
 Role-related challenges Feeling an excessive sense of professional duty 1 (never)—5 (always) 3 .72
 Exposure to curricula reforms Feeling pressured by curricula reforms 1 (never)—5 (always) 1
 Difficulty adapting subjects to students’ professional profiles Feeling like it is difficult to adapt subjects to students’ professional profiles 1 (never)—5 (always) 1
Perceived stress related to threatening factors To what extent have each of the following challenges been a source of stress for you?    
 Challenges at the macro-system level Perceiving low social recognition 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 4 .79
 Difficulties in balancing work and other activities Difficulties achieving work–life balance 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 3 .67
 School-related challenges Facing conflicts with colleagues 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 3 .86
 Classroom-related challenges Facing challenging students 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 4 .85
 Role-related challenges Feeling an excessive sense of professional duty 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 3 .78
 Exposure to curricula reforms Feeling pressured by curricula reforms 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 1
 Difficulty adapting subjects to students’ professional profiles Feeling like it is difficult to adapt subjects to students’ professional profiles 1 (not at all)—4 (very much) 1
Professional well-being To what extent do you agree with the following statements?    
 Job satisfaction At the moment, I feel satisfied with my job 1 (extremely disagree)—7 (totally agree) 1
 Work engagement At the moment, I feel engaged in my job 1 (extremely disagree)—7 (totally agree) 1
 Sense of competence as a teacher At the moment, I feel competent as a teacher 1 (extremely disagree)—7 (totally agree) 1
 Confidence in facing professional challenges At the moment, I feel able to face professional challenges 1 (extremely disagree)—7 (totally agree) 1
Current professional status     
 Combining teaching with other jobs Are you involved in another job in addition to teaching? a. No, I am not involved in any other jobs
b. Yes, in a field close to my teaching
c. Yes, in a completely different field
1