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Table 2 Perceived exposure to threatening factors, perceived stress and professional well-being by professional status. mean comparison (One-way ANOVA)

From: Combining teaching with another job: a possible resource to face professional challenges. Preliminary findings from a Swiss study in vocational education and training

  Response range Total Only teacher Multiple job-holder in heterogeneous fields Multiple job-holder in similar fields F P R2
Perceived exposure to threatening factors
 Challenges at the macro-system level 1–5 2.57 (0.85) 2.65a (0.83) 2.3b (0.89) 2.44b (0.86) 7.635 0.001 0.025
 Difficulties balancing work and other activities 1–5 2.54 (0.80) 2.61a (0.82) 2.39b (0.80) 2.39b (0.69) 4.683 0.010 0.015
 School-related challenges 1–5 2.14 (0.89) 2.21a (0.87) 2b (0.99) 1.96b (0.83) 4.109 0.017 0.014
 Classroom-related challenges 1–5 2.42 (0.60) 2.46a (0.59) 2.33ab (0.68) 2.27b (0.58) 4.534 0.011 0.015
 Role-related challenges 1–5 2.55 (0.74) 2.64a (0.72) 2.24b (0.77) 2.45c (0.71) 12.593 <0.001 0.040
 Exposure to curricula reforms 1–5 2.79(1.11) 2.94a (1.07) 2.32b(1.17) 2.52b(1.08) 15.283 <0.001 0.048
 Difficulty adapting subjects to students’ professional profiles 1–5 2.14 (0.96) 2.25a (0.94) 1.86b(1) 1.92b (0.90) 9.294 <0.001 0.030
Perceived stress related to threatening factors
 Challenges at the macro-system level 1–4 1.91 (0.68) 1.97a (0.68) 1.76b (0.70) 1.77b (0.63) 5.483 0.004 0.018
 Difficulties balancing work and other activities 1–4 2.23 (0.72) 2.30a (0.74) 2.10b (0.68) 2.10b (0.64) 5.943 0.003 0.019
 School-related challenges 1–4 2.11 (0.92) 2.19a (0.91) 1.97b (0.93) 1.90b (0.89) 4.761 0.009 0.016
 Classroom-related challenges 1–4 2.25 (0.72) 2.32a (0.71) 2.1b (0.75) 2.10b (0.69) 5.700 0.004 0.019
 Role-related challenges 1–4 2.19 (0.69) 2.25a (0.68) 1.99b (0.73) 2.15ab (0.66) 5.626 0.004 0.018
 Exposure to curricula reforms 1–4 2.32 (0.94) 2.44a (0.93) 1.99b (0.95) 2.07b (0.85) 12.241 <0.001 0.039
 Difficulty adapting subjects to students’ professional profiles 1–4 1.86 (0.79) 1.92a (0.77) 1.72b (0.85) 1.71b (0.78) 4.265 0.014 0.014
Professional well-being
 Job satisfaction 1–7 4.71(1.7) 5.67(1.3) 5.86(1.9) 5.99(1.1) 2.685 0.069 0.009
 Work engagement 1–7 5.75(1.25) 5.86(1.2) 5.84(1.2) 6.11 (0.91) 1.623 .198 0.005
 Sense of competence as a teacher 1–7 5.9(1.18) 6.06b (0.79) 5.8a (0.95) 6.07b (0.87) 4.074 0.017 0.013
 Confidence in facing professional challenges 1–7 6.02 (0.83) 5.96 (0.99) 5.97(1) 6.16 (0.87) 1.635 0.196 0.005
  1. Different letters indicate significant mean difference at p < 0.05
  2. LSD post hoc test