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Table 3 Standardised factor loading and standard error of the baseline CFA model for both groups together (whole sample) and for separate groups

From: Combining teaching with another job: a possible resource to face professional challenges. Preliminary findings from a Swiss study in vocational education and training

Latent factors/indicators Standardised factor loading and standard error for both groups together Standardised factor loading and standard error by group
Whole sample Only teachers Multiple job-holders
Challenges at the macro-system level
 Low social status of teachers 0.775 (0.024) 0.770 (0.029) 0.771 (0.045)
 Low social status of school education 0.712 (0.026) 0.711 (0.031) 0.684 (0.052)
 Low social status of VET 0.607 (0.031) 0.617 (0.036) 0.560 (0.060)
 Unfavourable job contract 0.653 (0.029) 0.625 (0.037) 0.721 (0.049)
Classroom-related challenges
 Low teaching self-efficacy 0.598 (0.033) 0.626 (0.041) 0.497 (0.069)
 Difficult relationships with students 0.708 (0.029) 0.689 (0.038) 0.697 (0.054)
 Challenging classroom 0.585 (0.034) 0.566 (0.043) 0.677 (0.055)
 Difficulty assuming an authoritative role 0.640 (0.032) 0.612 (0.042) 0.723 (0.053)
School-related challenges
 Difficult collaborations with colleagues 0.585 (0.030) 0.549 (0.037) 0.638 (0.050)
 Conflicts with school managers 0.878 (0.015) 0.877 (0.020) 0.886 (0.025)
 Low support from school managers 0.896 (0.014) 0.891 (0.020) 0.899 (0.024)
Difficulties in balancing work and other activities
 Difficulties balancing work and initial/lifelong learning 0.479 (0.041) 0.492 (0.051) 0.499 (0.070)
 Difficulties achieving work–life balance 0.582 (0.038) 0.617 (0.048) 0.524 (0.073)
 Unfavourable logistic conditions 0.697 (0.033) 0.698 (0.044) 0.598 (0.064)
Role-related challenges
 High emotional involvement 0.703 (0.030) 0.693 (0.040) 0.690 (0.055)
 High sense of duty 0.569 (0.035) 0.516 (0.045) 0.617 (0.061)
 Uncertainty of professional boundaries 0.779 (0.029) 0.786 (0.039) 0.778 (0.052