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Table 3 Search for vocational education training leading to a full vocational qualification at the end of the school career (proportion as a percent)

From: Transitions into vocational education and training by lower and intermediate secondary school leavers. Can male adolescents compensate for their school-based educational disadvantage in comparison with female adolescents?

Type of education and training searched for Maximum lower secondary school leaving certificate Intermediate school leaving certificate
Male adolescents Female adolescents Pearson’s Chi squared test (unweighted sample) Male adolescents Female adolescents Pearson’s Chi squared test (unweighted sample)
Search for company-based education and training (exclusively or simultaneously also for school-based education and training) 70 63 χ2(1) = 7.91
p = .005
75 71 χ2(1) = 3.75
p = .053
Search for school-based education and traininga (exclusively or simultaneously also for company-based education and training) 22 32 χ2(1) = 14.48
p = .000
23 39 χ2(1) = 43.18
p = .000
Overall search for vocational education training leading to a full vocational qualification 74 71 χ2(1) = 2.05
p = .152
80 81 χ2(1) = 0.34
p = .560
No search for vocational education training leading to a full vocational qualificationb 26 29 χ2(1) = 2.05
p = .152
20 19 χ2(1) = 0.34
p = .560
  1. Basis Young adults born between 1987 to 1993 whose school career ended no later than the end of 2010 and who achieved maximum intermediate school leaving certificate (weighted results; unweighted sample size = 2635)
  2. aIncluding search for a civil servant career
  3. bPearson’s Chi squared test (unweighted sample): male adolescents with maximum lower secondary school leaving certificate vs. male adolescents with intermediate school leaving certificate: χ2(1) = 9.22, p = .002; female adolescents with maximum lower secondary school leaving certificate vs. female adolescents with intermediate school leaving certificate: χ2(1) = 20.67, p = .000