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Table 6 Characteristics of young adults by gender and school leaving certificate. Proportions shown as percent (Column percents)

From: Transitions into vocational education and training by lower and intermediate secondary school leavers. Can male adolescents compensate for their school-based educational disadvantage in comparison with female adolescents?

Characteristic Maximum lower secondary school leaving certificate Intermediate school leaving certificate Qualification for higher education Total
Male adolescents Female adolescents Male adolescents Female adolescents Male adolescents Female adolescents
School-based and vocational education and training of parents
 Maximum intermediate school leaving certificate, without vocational qualification 16 16 6 8 4 4 9
 Maximum lower secondary school leaving certificate, with vocational qualification 36 35 25 25 13 11 24
 Intermediate school leaving certificate, with vocational qualification 27 26 35 42 23 30 31
 University (of Applied Sciences) entry qualification with or without vocational qualification 9 8 15 11 17 15 13
 University (of Applied Sciences) entry qualification 7 6 16 12 41 38 20
 Missing information 6 10 3 2 3 1 4
Social status of father (EGP classification)
 Higher-grade professionals, managers in large companies (I) 5 3 9 7 18 18 10
 Lower-grade professionals, managers in small companies (II) 4 7 13 11 19 18 12
 Routine non-manual employees (III a/b) 8 7 10 9 10 10 9
 Self employed (IV a/b/c) 8 6 9 10 7 8 8
 Technicians, skilled workers (V, VI) 25 25 25 25 17 16 22
 Unskilled and semi skilled workers (VII a/b) 22 26 14 20 6 10 16
 Never employed, missing information 28 27 21 19 23 20 23
Migration background
 Without migration background 65 65 77 73 80 81 74
 With migration background 35 35 23 27 20 19 26
Type of school most recently attended
 General education school 97 93 89 87 81 82 88
 Vocational school at which general school leaving certificates were attained 3 7 11 13 19 18 12
Average grade on leaving general schooling
 1.0–2.0 11 10 17 24 28 37 22
 2.1–2.5 21 19 33 34 32 28 28
 2.6–3.0 34 33 36 31 27 28 32
 3.1–6.0 30 29 14 10 12 6 16
 Missing information 4 9 1 1 1 1 2
Total (per variable) 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  1. Basis Young adults born between 1987 to 1993 whose school career ended no later than the end of 2010. (weighted results; unweighted sample size: maximum lower secondary school leaving certificate: 1051; intermediate school leaving certificate: 1585; qualification for higher education: 1577)