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Table 4 Mean values of motivation scales for PBA (ex ante/ex post)

From: Commercial competence: comparing test results of paper-and-pencil versus computer-based assessments

Scale (items included) n = 294 M SD Cronbach’s α
Emotional state (5)
 Ex ante 1.85 0.64 0.84
 Ex post 1.54 0.64 0.80
Attractiveness of test (3)
 Ex ante 1.14 0.63 0.84
 Ex post 1.02 0.65 0.79
  1. 3-point Likert-scale from 0 = no agreement to 3 = high agreement