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Table 7 Phi-analyses of task-solving and skill-mastering on the basis of verbal protocols (example: task 3; extract: skills 1–8)

From: Developing and validating a technology-based diagnostic assessment using the evidence-centered game design approach: an example of intrapreneurship competence

Solver: task 3: n = 15
Non-solver: task 3: n = 11
Evidence for skill mastering Evidence for skill non-master phi p value Skill relevance (p < .05)
REC 0 15 n. d.   No
0 11    
ANAL 0 15 −.234 .234 No
1 10    
IDEA 0 15 n. d.   No
0 11    
CREA 0 15 n. d.   No
0 11    
SEQU 15 0 .570 .040 Yes
6 5    
INFO 15 0 .850 .000 Yes
2 9    
TERM 15 0 .337 .086 No
9 2    
TOOL 14 1 .455 .020 Yes
6 5    
  1. n. d. not defined, because at least one group is zero; skills 9–14: there are zero utterances for these skills with regard to task 3