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Table 1 Description and basic descriptive statistics of variables

From: Vocational qualification as safety-net? Education-to-work transitions of higher education dropouts in Germany

Variable N % (Mean) Description
Educational attainment
 Only pre-tertiary vocational training 1533 28.46 Graduated from vocational training but never entered higher education
 Higher education dropout + pre-tertiary vocational training 133 2.47 Dropped out from higher education but graduated from vocational training before entering higher education
 Higher education dropout without pre-tertiary vocational training 446 8.28 Dropped out from higher education, never graduated from vocational training
 Higher education degree 3275 60.79 Graduated from higher education, double qualification included
At least one parent higher education
 No (=0) 2608 48.41 At least one parent has graduated from higher education
 Yes (=1) 2779 51.59
Age at de-registration 5387 25.62 (mean) Age when students leave post-secondary education (metric variable)
Sex
 Female (=0) 2598 48.23  
 Male (=1) 2789 51.77
Upper secondary final GPA 5387 2.49 (mean) GPA of the highest secondary school exam (Abitur) (metric variable, from 1 ‘very good’ to 4 ‘sufficient’)
Work experience
 No (=0) 3897 72.34 Employed at least 20 h per week (occasional jobs and work experience gained during vocational training excluded)
 Yes (=1) 1490 27.60
Education-leaving cohort
 1964–1984 1331 24.71 Year of leaving post-secondary education
 1985–1994 1636 30.37
 1995–2004 1328 24.65
 2005–2014 1092 20.27
Stable employment
 No (=0) 1447 26.86 Number of respondents, who find a stable employment position within the observation period
 Yes (=1) 3940 73.14
Occupational status (ISEI) 3813 62.07 (mean) Standard International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status of the first stable job
N 5387 100.00