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Table 1 Overview of the studies

From: Guiding workplace learning in vocational education and training: a literature review

Study Sample Country Data Method
1. Chan (2014) 90 apprentices New Zealand Interviews Qualitative
2. Collin and Valleala (2005) 18 design and development engineers,
15 youth workers
Finland Observations
Interviews
Qualitative
3. Corney and du Plessis (2010) 106 male apprentices Australia Questionnaire with scales: Mentoring Relationship Scale (Scandura and Ragins 1993), 3 subscales: Psychosocial support
Career development
Role modelling
Quantitative
4. Evanciew and Rojewski (1999) Three apprentices, 3 mentors United States of America Observations
Field notes
Interviews
Document analysis
Qualitative
5. Filliettaz (2011) Cohort of about 40 apprentices Switzerland Observations
Audio-video recordings
Qualitative
6. Fuller and Unwin (2004) 29 apprentices, 29 workers UK Interviews
Learning logs
Surveys
Observation
Mixed methods
7. Gurtner et al. (2011) 19 apprentices Switzerland Audio-recordings on mobile devices Mixed methods
8. Koskela and Palukka (2011) Stage 1: 9 trainees, 6 trainers
Stage 2: 2 trainees, 4 trainers
Finland Observations
Video recordings
Qualitative
9. Nielsen (2008) Four apprentices, 2 journeymen, 1 master,
12 apprentices (from 3 group interviews)
Denmark Observations
Interviews
Qualitative
10. Onnismaa (2008) 27 students Finland Interviews Qualitative
11. Reegård (2015) 11 apprentices, 7 managers Norway Interviews
Observations
Qualitative
12. Savoie-Zajc and Dolbec (2003) 175 students, teachers, stakeholders Canada Three questionnaires:
Expectations
Learning
Overall appraisal
Interviews
Mixed methods
13. Smith (2000) 389 apprentices, 8 apprentices Australia Questionnaire Canfield Learning Styles Inventory, CSLI (Canfield 1980), 16 subscales
Interviews
Mixed methods
14. Tanggaard (2005) 10 male apprentices Denmark Interviews
Observations
Qualitative
15. Wegener (2014) More than a 100 students, teachers and supervisors Denmark Field observations
Interviews
Qualitative
16. Winters et al. (2009) 24 students, 15 teachers, 18 mentors Netherlands Conversation Qualitative
17. Virtanen and Tynjälä (2008) 531 vocational students Finland Questionnaire (Tynjälä and Virtanen 2005; Virtanen and Tynjälä 2006) Quantitative
18. Virtanen et al. (2014) 1603 vocational students Finland Questionnaire Quantitative