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Table 2 Stress before, during, and after the task

From: A mixed-methods study of physiological reactivity to domain-specific problem solving: methodological perspectives for process-accompanying research in VET

Stress measurements Before During And after the task p Partial η 2(a)
Variable M ±SD M ±SD M ±SD
PS 27.94 19.26 57.06 21.97 <.001 .668
HR 77.18 9.94 78.64 11.26 78.06 14.44 .745 .011
RMSSD 50.51 22.53 44.84 20.21 48.20 18.79 .219 .105
LF/HF ratiob 1.59 .54 1.40 .44 1.44 .53 .130 .129
SCLc 3.90 1.27 6.26 2.10 7.08 2.30 <.001 .690
SCRd .31 .17 .37 .13 .36 .13 .045 .196
  1. 15 ≤ n (persons) ≤ 18; PS = perceived stress [mm]; HR = heart rate [bpm]; RMSSD = root mean square of successive differences [ms]; SCL = skin conductance level [µS]; SCR = mean amplitudes of skin conductance responses [µS]
  2. aGreenhouse-Geisser-adjusted p values; Multiple comparisons, Bonferroni-corrected
  3. bLF/HF (before) > LF/HF (during), p = .011
  4. cSCL (before< SCL (during< SCL (after), each p < .001
  5. dSCR (before) < SCR (after), p = .064