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Table 4 Competence scores of German trainees with and without a UED by occupation

From: Being an economic-civic competent citizen: A technology-based assessment of commercial apprentices in Germany and Switzerland

Occupation UED n M SD t value df p
Logistic clerks Without 125 474 96 –3.14 299 <0.01
With 176 508 94
Industrial clerks Without 162 486 102 –4.82 430 <0.01
With 270 530 87
Total Without 287 480 99 –5.79 731 <0.01
With 446 521 90
  1. UED University entrance degree
  2. Because of the low number of UED-holders in the Swiss sample (n = 12) the Swiss scores are not displayed