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Table 4 Mann–Whitney test between high- and low-level content co-regulation episodes

From: Co-regulations of learning in small groups of chef apprentices: when do they appear and what influences them?

  U Z p value Effective size
Tentativeness of explanation 6227.5 −8.212 0.000 −.47
Questions
 Clarification questions 11,255.0 −0.199 0.842 −.01
 Confirmation questions 10,890.0 −1.037 0.300 −.06
 Task questions 11,242.5 −0.244 0.807 −.01
 How questions 8515.0 −4.563 0.000 −.26
Planning 11,172.0 −0.308 0.758 −.02
Monitoring 8995.0 −3.780 0.000 −.22
Positive socioemotional inclusion 11,222.5 −0.289 0.773 −.02
Positive socioemotional group cohesion 10,560.0 −1.236 0.216 −.07
Negative socioemotional discouraging participation 11,190.0 −0.464 0.643 −.03
Negative socioemotional disrespect 10,645.0 −1.831 0.067 −.10