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Table 3 Importance of different pedagogical knowledge items as ascertained by vocational education teachers

From: Hungarian vocational education teachers’ views on their pedagogical knowledge and the information sources suitable for their professional development

Item Mean SD
7 Familiarity with the pedagogy of a proactive lifestyle 3.90 .95
19 Differentiation between visual and verbal learners 4.21 .73
18 Knowing the importance of video tutorials available on the Internet 4.22 .85
12 Knowing how to foster self-controlling responsibility 4.26 .82
13 Knowing how to shape team work creatively 4.28 .79
16 Knowing the characteristics of the X, Y and Z generations 4.32 .83
1 Knowing students’ developmental phases 4.34 .74
2 Pedagogical characteristics of vocational practical training 4.34 .82
6 Knowing the values and the crisis of values on the modern age 4.35 .76
14 Knowing the openness of self-development in a profession 4.35 .79
5 Planning the process of vocational practical training 4.37 .86
8 Knowing the experience-centered vocational practical training 4.38 .83
10 Knowing the role of self-determination when working 4.41 .72
9 Knowing the role of positive and negative feedback as motivators 4.42 .73
4 Knowing the task system necessary to reach goals 4.44 .73
11 Knowing how to develop problem solving during vocational practical training 4.46 .70
17 Knowing how to search for information on the Internet 4.46 .72
3 Knowing the pedagogical goals 4.49 .71
15 Knowing the importance of personal role modeling 4.67 .59