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Table 17 Declaring lack of employer support as a barrier to professional development, results of the logistic regression model, regressors R1–R10, Italy, 2013

From: The professional development of VET teachers in Italy: participation, needs and barriers. Statistical quantifications and benchmarking in an international perspective

Factor B df b.se b.wald b.sig b.exp
Constant 0.26 1 0.16 2.711 0.100 1.295
Teachers group—teachers of general subjects in schools with no VET programmes (Group A) − 0.18 1 0.13 1.856 0.173 0.835
Teachers group—teachers of general subjects in schools with VET programmes (Group D) − 0.35 1 0.09 15.765 0.000 0.703
Gender—male 0.20 1 0.08 6.803 0.009 1.218
Age—50+ 0.25 1 0.08 9.925 0.002 1.282
Education—ISCED5B or below 0.05 1 0.14 0.114 0.736 1.049
Permanency of the job—fixed term contract 0.23 1 0.15 2.274 0.132 1.257
Intensity of work—part time − 0.32 1 0.14 4.873 0.027 0.727
Prevalence of students with a first language different from that of instruction in the school—10% or less − 0.03 1 0.13 0.049 0.825 0.971
Prevalence of students with special needs in the school—10% or less − 0.16 1 0.15 1.063 0.302 0.854
Prevalence of students from disadvantaged homes in the school—30% or less − 0.23 1 0.14 2.764 0.096 0.796
Lack of resources for PD of teachers in the school limiting principal effectiveness—not at all/very little − 0.08 1 0.10 0.562 0.454 0.925
  1. NB: Data refer to upper secondary teachers. Logit model for: Declaring lack of employer support as a barrier to professional development as a binary outcome variable. NB: B (beta regression coefficient for the logit); b.se (standard error for B). NB: Model performance: LL (− 2 Log likelihood coefficient) = 335,192.08 (s.e. 10,821.71); CSR (Cox and Snell R2 coefficient) = 0.02 (s.e. 0.01); NKR (Nagelkerke R2 coefficient) = 0.02 (s.e. 0.01)