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Table 21 Declaring family responsibilities as a barrier to professional development, results of the logistic regression model, regressors R1–R10, Italy, 2013

From: The professional development of VET teachers in Italy: participation, needs and barriers. Statistical quantifications and benchmarking in an international perspective

Factor B df b.se b.wald b.sig b.exp
Constant − 0.56 1 0.18 9.952 0.002 0.574
Teachers group—teachers of general subjects in schools with no VET programmes (Group A) 0.28 1 0.12 5.198 0.023 1.322
Teachers group—teachers of general subjects in schools with VET programmes (Group D) 0.37 1 0.11 10.495 0.001 1.447
Gender—male − 0.23 1 0.09 6.883 0.009 0.796
Age—50+ − 0.42 1 0.09 20.961 0.000 0.657
Education—ISCED5B or below 0.00 1 0.14 0.000 0.992 1.001
Permanency of the job—fixed term contract − 0.27 1 0.12 5.051 0.025 0.765
Intensity of work—part time 0.27 1 0.13 4.460 0.035 1.308
Prevalence of students with a first language different from that of instruction in the school—10% or less 0.09 1 0.09 0.805 0.370 1.089
Prevalence of students with special needs in the school—10% or less 0.02 1 0.12 0.025 0.875 1.019
Prevalence of students from disadvantaged homes in the school—30% or less 0.18 1 0.10 3.009 0.083 1.195
Lack of resources for PD of teachers in the school limiting principal effectiveness—not at all/very little − 0.09 1 0.10 0.776 0.378 0.916
  1. NB: Data refer to upper secondary teachers. Logit model for: Declaring family responsibilities as a barrier to professional development as a binary outcome variable. NB: B (beta regression coefficient for the logit); b.se (standard error for B). NB: Model performance: LL (− 2 Log likelihood coefficient) = 326,689.54 (s.e. 10,587.61); CSR (Cox and Snell R2 coefficient) = 0.02 (s.e. 0.01); NKR (Nagelkerke R2 coefficient) = 0.03 (s.e. 0.01)