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Table 3 Non participation in teachers’ professional development activities: differences between Italy and other countries, in percentage points (pps) and standard error of the differences (s.e.), 2013

From: The professional development of VET teachers in Italy: participation, needs and barriers. Statistical quantifications and benchmarking in an international perspective

Country Teachers of general subjects in schools with no VET programme
(Group A)
Teachers in schools with VET programmes
(Group B)
Teachers of VET subjects in schools with VET programmes
(Group C)
Teachers of general subjects in schools with VET programmes
(Group D)
pps s.e. pps s.e. pps s.e. pps s.e.
Australia 18.2 (*) 2.9 21.8 (*) 1.7 23.8 (*) 2.3 21.2 (*) 1.9
Denmark 17.8 (*) 1.8 16.3 (*) 2.4 17.7 (*) 3.6 14.0 (*) 2.5
Finland 4.2 2.2 10.6 (*) 3.5 11.3 (*) 5.7 9.7 (*) 4.2
Mexico 15.0 (*) 2.1 19.8 (*) 1.7 20.8 (*) 2.5 19.2 (*) 2.0
Norway 13.2 (*) 3.6 15.9 (*) 1.8 16.5 (*) 2.7 15.8 (*) 2.0
Poland 13.9 (*) 2.1 18.6 (*) 1.7 19.3 (*) 2.9 18.2 (*) 1.8
  1. NB: Data refer to teachers in upper secondary education. Positive values of the difference indicate that, for a given group of teachers, non-participation is higher in Italy than in the benchmark country. The (*) indicates that the difference is statistically significant at 95% level of significance