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Table 7 Baseline estimation results future dropout in the first year for level 1–2 vocational programs

From: Cognitive skills, personality traits and dropout in Dutch vocational education

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
Crystallized intelligence 0.008 (0.011) − 0.013 (0.011) − 0.023 (0.012)* − 0.023 (0.013)*
Fluid intelligence 0.039 (0.012)*** 0.000 (0.015) − 0.004 (0.015) − 0.011 (0.015)
Stability 0.007 (0.021) − 0.019 (0.021) − 0.038 (0.022)* − 0.040 (0.022)*
Extraversion 0.003 (0.022) − 0.015 (0.023) − 0.007 (0.023) − 0.011 (0.023)
Conscientiousness − 0.028 (0.026) − 0.027 (0.026) − 0.017 (0.026) − 0.024 (0.026)
Openness 0.008 (0.024) 0.043 (0.026)* − 0.030 (0.026) 0.048 (0.027)*
Agreeableness 0.042 (0.026) 0.083 (0.028)*** 0.083 (0.028)*** 0.057 (0.028)**
Enrollment prob.   − 0.929(0.208)*** − 0.834 (0.209)*** − 0.738 (0.025)***
Constant 0.165 (0.081)** 0.573 (0.122)*** 0.505 (0.123)*** 0.441 (0.352)
Student controls   
Study fixed effect    
R2 0.015 0.026 0.034 0.059
N 1767 1767 1767 1767
  1. Standard errors are in parenthesis. */**/*** denote significance at 10/5/1 percent confidence level (two-sided). Study fixed effect are enrollment year and a program dummy