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Table 8 Baseline estimation results future dropout in the first year for level 3–4 vocational programs

From: Cognitive skills, personality traits and dropout in Dutch vocational education

  (1) (2) (3) (4)
Crystallized intelligence − 0.008 (0.011) − 0.034 (0.024) − 0.045 (0.023)* − 0.033 (0.023)
Fluid intelligence − 0.002 (0.011) − 0.025 (0.022) − 0.017 (0.021) − 0.007 (0.022)
Stability 0.029 (0.018) 0.039 (0.020)** 0.024 (0.020) 0.028 (0.020)
Extraversion 0.014 (0.019) − 0.016 (0.032) − 0.013 (0.031) 0.001 (0.031)
Conscientiousness − 0.040 (0.023)* − 0.048 (0.024)** − 0.049 (0.024)** − 0.049 (0.024)**
Openness 0.068 (0.024)*** 0.085 (0.028)*** 0.068 (0.027)** 0.047 (0.029)*
Agreeableness − 0.003 (0.027) 0.001 (0.027) 0.000 (0.027) 0.005 (0.027)
Enrollment prob.   − 0.555 (0.445) − 0.579 (0.439) − 0.439 (0.436)
Constant 0.080 (0.090) 0.471 (0.327) 0.479 (0.322) 0.445 (0.331)
Student controls   
Study fixed effect    
R2 0.007 0.008 0.037 0.076
N 2373 2373 2373 2373
  1. Standard errors are in parenthesis. */**/*** denote significance at 10/5/1 percent confidence level (two-sided). Study fixed effect are enrollment year and a program dummy