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Table 1 Construct overlap between types of behavioural regulation and value facets of task/test motivation

From: Psychological determinants of test motivation in low-stakes test situations: A longitudinal study of singletrait–multistate models in accounting

Generic types of behavioural regulation (Ryan and Connell 1989, p 750) Value facets of task-/test-specific motivation (Eccles and Wigfield 2002, pp 119–120)
Intrinsic regulation: “the behavior is done simply for its inherent enjoyment or for fun” Intrinsic value: “the enjoyment the individual gets from performing the activity”
Identified regulation: “involving acting from one’s own values or goals” Utility value: “how well a task relates to current and future goals”
Introjected regulation: “internal, esteem-based pressures to act, such as avoidance of guilt and shame or concerns about self- and other-approval” Attainment value: “the personal importance of doing well on the task” (self-related)
Extrinsic regulation: “reference to external authority, fear of punishment, or rule compliance” Cost: “negative aspects of engaging in the task” (test anxiety, lost opportunities)