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Table 5 Model fit and parameter estimates of the multivariate intercept/trait-only “growth” models

From: Psychological determinants of test motivation in low-stakes test situations: A longitudinal study of singletrait–multistate models in accounting

Predictors Model 1: DV = VALUE Model 2: DV = EFFOR
β_t p β_t p
INTRI 0.193 0.099 − 0.005 0.967
IDENT 0.138 0.245 0.301 0.048
INTRO 0.290 0.006 0.073 0.395
EXTRI − 0.037 0.679 − 0.022 0.824
ACMOT − 0.060 0.715 − 0.031 0.840
ASELF 0.099 0.486 − 0.026 0.788
GRITG 0.053 0.399 0.001 0.992
GRITP 0.142 0.089 0.309 0.000
Model fit χ2 df χ2/df CFI TLI RMSEA SRMR R2
Model 1: VALUE 534.08 225 2.37 0.907 0.896 0.041 0.075 0.35
Model 2: EFFOR 506.33 225 2.25 0.916 0.906 0.040 0.074 0.25
  1. Italic values indicate p value < 0.05
  2. Underlined values indicate p value < 0.10
  3. β_t, association between traits. Dependent variables: VALUE, Subjective test value; EFFOR, Effort. Independent variables: INTRI, Intrinsic regulation; IDENT, Identified regulation; INTRO, Introjected regulation; EXTRI, External regulation; ACMOT, Achievement motivation; ASELF, Academic self-concept; GRITG, Passion for long-term goals; GRITP, Perseverance. χ2, Chi square value; df, degrees of freedom; CFI, Comparative Fit Index; TLI, Tucker Lewis Index; RMSEA, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation; SRMR, Standardized Root Mean Square Residual. NA, not applicable as the covariate was not measured at that time