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Table 7 Determinants of formal and informal training (Multinomial Logit Model)—68th round (2011–2012)

From: Vocational training in India: determinants of participation and effect on wages

Variables Logit coefficients Marginal effects (dY/dX)
Informal training Formal training Informal training Formal training
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Place of residence [base-rural]
 Urban 0.116 (0.0160)*** 0.178 (0.0280)*** 0.013 (0.002)*** 0.006 (0.001)***
Age − 0.00655 (0.000811)*** − 0.00608 (0.00158)*** − 0.001 (0.000)*** 0.000 (0.000)***
Sex [base-female]
 Male − 0.265 (0.0192)*** 0.454 (0.0320)*** − 0.031 (0.002)*** 0.019 (0.001)***
Marital status [base-never married]
 Ever married − 0.00885 (0.0220) − 0.204 (0.0369)*** 0.000 (0.003) − 0.007 (0.001)***
Educational level [base-not literate]
 Lit. without formal 0.171 (0.103)* 1.219 (0.465)*** 0.021 (0.014) 0.007 (0.004)
 Primary and below 0.0656 (0.0219)*** 1.477 (0.131)*** 0.006 (0.003)** 0.010 (0.001)***
 Secondary and middle 0.112 (0.0211)*** 2.719 (0.123)*** 0.008 (0.003)*** 0.039 (0.001)***
 Higher secondary and above − 0.405 (0.0268)*** 3.267 (0.123)*** − 0.050 (0.003)*** 0.069 (0.001)***
Technical education [base-no technical education]
 With technical education − 0.0878 (0.0568) 2.056 (0.0347)*** − 0.029 (0.005)*** 0.145 (0.004)***
Religion [base-Hinduism]
 Islam − 0.0522 (0.0219)** 0.0316 (0.0423) − 0.006 (0.002)** 0.001 (0.001)
 Christianity − 0.365 (0.0377)*** 0.185 (0.0552)*** − 0.037(0.003)*** 0.008 (0.002)***
 Others 0.837 (0.0304)*** 0.400 (0.0629)*** 0.121 (0.005)*** 0.009 (0.002)***
Social group [Base-STs]
 SCs 0.229 (0.0301)*** 0.563 (0.0651)*** 0.021 (0.003)*** 0.016 (0.002)***
 OBCs 0.468 (0.0269)*** 0.683 (0.0559)*** 0.048 (0.003)*** 0.019 (0.001)***
 General 0.399 (0.0282)*** 0.552 (0.0559)*** 0.040 (0.003)*** 0.015 (0.001)***
Sector [base-primary]
 Secondary 0.816 (0.0190)*** 1.016 (0.0496)*** 0.099 (0.002)*** 0.024 (0.001)***
 Tertiary 0.133 (0.0205)*** 1.026 (0.0462)*** 0.010 (0.002)*** 0.029 (0.001)***
Constant − 2.031 (0.0508)*** − 7.669 (0.154)*** 0.138 (0.001)*** 0.042 (0.000)***
Observations 172,163
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. For column (3) and (4), dY/dX for factor levels is the discrete change from the base level
  3. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1