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Table 4 Effects of further training on mobility processes—change of job and company (exponential model)

From: Economic change and continuous vocational training in the work history: a longitudinal multilevel analysis of the employees’ participation in further training and the effects on their occupational careers in Germany, 1970–2008

Mobility Job change Firm change
Models 1 2
Gender (female)
Male 0.004 − 0.029
(0.024) (0.034)
Qualification
General education and VET 0.046 0.036
(0.003)*** (0.004)***
Job characteristic
Qualification requirement − 0.164 − 0.072
(0.035)*** (0.050)
Position in firm (upper service class)
Labour class 0.422 0.032
(0.048)*** (0.071)
Lower middle class 0.346 − 0.085
(0.045)*** (0.067)
Middle class 0.218 0.187
(0.034)*** (0.054)***
Employment
Permanent labour contract − 0.661  
(0.032)***  
Dismissal by employer   0.972
  (0.043)***
Labour market
Firm size − 0.079 − 0.115
(0.005)*** (0.007)***
Public sector vs. private sector − 0.385 − 0.897
(0.029)*** (0.050)***
Effects of further training
Participation 0.391 − 1.073
(0.024)*** (0.058)***
Training leave − 0.633 − 0.523
(0.035)*** (0.051)***
Financial support − 0.308 − 0.250
(0.036)*** (0.054)***
Time dimensions
Life cycle: labour force experience − 0.004 − 0.010
(0.000)*** (0.000)***
Cohort: economic modernisation − 0.036 − 0.620
(0.031) (0.042)***
Cohort: labour market situation 0.029 0.171
(0.018) (0.026)***
Period: economic modernisation 0.564 − 0.221
(0.248)* (0.262)
Period: labour market situation − 0.032 0.263
(0.089) (0.092)**
Intercept − 3.153 − 2.636
(0.073)*** (0.098)***
LR χ2 (df) 5477.4 (17) 9426.5 (17)
Number of sub episodes 89,595 66,343
Number of events 11,644 7488
Number of individuals 15,511 15,511
  1. p ≤ 0.05; ** p ≤ 0.01; *** p ≤ 0.001; in parenthesis: robust standard error
  2. Source: ALWA—own calculations