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Table 2 Positive and negative attitudes towards VET

From: Attractiveness is in the eye of the beholder

  Attitudes towards VET
Negative sign → negative attitude Positive sign → positive attitude
(Perceived) quality of education (latent) − 0.072 [0.063] 0.003 [0.055]
(Perceived) labour market outcomes (latent) 0.271 [0.072]a 0.306 [0.082]a
VET enables people to continue to higher education Yes Yes
VET does not provide soft skills Yes Yes
VET does not lead to well-regarded jobs Yes Yes
Likelihood of finding a job (relative to people with general education)
 Equally likely − 0.161 [0.100] − 0.798 [0.082]a
 Less likely − 0.634 [0.108]a − 0.507 [0.118]a
 Don’t know − 0.300 [0.055]a − 0.806 [0.203]a
Being accepted in VET (relative to general education)
 Slightly easier 0.231 [0.060]a 0.129 [0.085]
 No difference 0.618 [0.043]a 0.189 [0.090]a
 Slightly more difficult 0.401 [0.101]a 0.350 [0.130]a
 Much more difficult 0.355 [0.114]a 0.318 [0.125]a
 Don’t know 0.647 [0.107]a 0.252 [0.169]
Education Yes Yes
Attended VET (recently or in the past) 0.252[0.054]a 0.307 [0.050]a
Father’s education Yes Yes
Difficulties in making ends meet Yes Yes
Gender Yes Yes
Age class Yes Yes
Number of persons in the household Yes Yes
Current labour market position Yes Yes
Area Yes Yes
Country dummies Yes Yes
Constant − 0.544 [0.287] − 2.040 [0.362]a
Number of observations 20,086
Log likelihood restricted model − 21,177.898
Log likelihood full model − 20,109.872
Chi squared test 2,136.052a
  1. Weighted data (clustered standard error in brackets)
  2. aSignificant at 5%. The reference group of the variable is in parentheses: VET does not lead to well-regarded jobs (totally agree), Education (no education), VET enables people to go on to university (totally agree), VET does not provide students with soft skills (totally agree), likelihood that VET graduates find a job compared to GE graduates (more likely), ease of being accepted on a VET course (much easier), age group (15 to 24), current occupation (self-employed), Father’s Education (no education), Difficulties in making ends meet (most of the time), Area (rural area), and number of people in the household (1 person)