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Table 7 Attitudes towards VET, weighted data (clustered standard error in brackets)

From: Attractiveness is in the eye of the beholder

  Image VET
(Perceived) quality of education (latent) 1.313 [0.151]a
(Perceived) labour market outcomes (latent) 0.464 [0.054]a
VET enables people to continue to HE
 Tend to agree 0.193 [0.086]a
 Tend to disagree − 0.247 [0.128]
 Totally disagree − 0.243 [0.224]
 Don’t know 0.060 [0.173]
VET does not provide soft skills
 Tend to agree 0.088 [0.119]
 Tend to disagree − 0.092 [0.058]
 Totally disagree − 0.251 [0.111]a
 Don’t know − 0.166 [0.132]
VET does not lead to well-regarded jobs
 Tend to agree 0.337 [0.110]a
 Tend to disagree 0.719 [0.117]a
 Totally disagree 0.938 [0.112]a
 Don’t know 0.694 [0.163]a
Likelihood of finding a job (relative to people with general education)
 Equally likely 0.041 [0.090]
 Less likely − 0.194 [0.104]
 Don’t know 0.226 [0.147]
Being accepted in VET (relative to general education)
 Slightly easier 0.241 [0.072]a
 No difference 0.003 [0.123]
 Slightly more difficult 0.149 [0.121]
 Much more difficult − 0.110 [0.209]
 Don’t know 0.306 [0.165]
Education
 ISCED level 1 0.138 [0.288]
 ISCED level 2 − 0.278 [0.249]
 ISCED level 3 − 0.331 [0.231]
 ISCED level 4 − 0.422 [0.278]
 ISCED level 5 − 0.607 [0.263]a
 ISCED level 6 − 0.726 [0.342]a
 Don’t know 0.407 [0.552]
 Attended VET (recently or in the past) 0.095 [0.061]
Father’s education
 General secondary education 0.069 [0.062]
 Vocational education and training − 0.015 [0.100]
 Higher education − 0.246 [0.123]
 Refusal 0.274 [0.131]
 Don’t know − 0.114 [0.317]
Difficulties in making ends meet [0.193]
 From time to time − 0.117 [0.126]
 Almost never/never − 0.062 [0.108]
 Refusal 0.187 [0.214]
 Woman 0.009 [0.037]
Age class
 25–34 − 0.003 [0.125]
 35–44 − 0.173 [0.103]
 45–54 − 0.341 [0.103]a
 55–64 − 0.444 [0.116]a
 65+ − 0.126 [0.140]
Number of persons in the household
 2 − 0.084 [0.094]
 3 − 0.183 [0.148]
 4 − 0.164 [0.114]
Current labour market position
 Manager − 0.329 [0.155]a
 Other white collar − 0.093 [0.077]
 Manual worker − 0.035 [0.122]
 House person − 0.025 [0.122]
 Unemployed − 0.058 [0.151]
 Retired − 0.270 [0.134]a
 Student − 0.280 [0.189]
Area
 Small or middle size town 0.153 [0.062]a
 Large town − 0.115 [0.080]
 Don’t know 0.926 [1.188]
 Country dummies Yes
 Constant − 4.616 [0.914]a
Number of observations 20,029
Log likelihood restricted model − 10,322.546
Log likelihood full model − 8,279.251
Chi squared test 4,086.590a
  1. aSignificant at 5%. The reference group of the variable is in parentheses: VET does not lead to well-regarded jobs (totally agree), Education (no education), VET enables people to go on to university (totally agree), VET does not provide students with soft skills (totally agree), likelihood that VET graduates find a job compared to GE graduates (more likely), ease of being accepted on a VET course (much easier), age group (15 to 24), current occupation (self-employed), Father’s Education (no education), Difficulties in making ends meet (most of the time), Area (rural area), and number of people in the household (1 person)