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Table 3 Alternative reference categories when estimating the probability of successful and unsuccessful applications: multinomial logistic regressions; average marginal effects for full models.

From: Why companies prefer applicants from non-immigrant families: investigating access to vocational training among low-qualified adolescents with an interlinked firm-applicant survey

 Full model 1 with net AMEFull model 2 with net AME
Firm’s selection criterion:
“Ability of verbal expression”
*Applicant’s ethnic background
Firm’s selection criterion:
“Apprentice has to fit into the team.”
*Applicant’s ethnic background
123123
Successful at interviewed companySuccessful at other companyUnsuccessful school-to-VET transitionSuccessful at interviewed companySuccessful at other companyUnsuccessful school-to-VET transition
Selection criteria: “ability of verbal expression”
* Applicant’s ethnic background (ref. Firm: criterion less important * at least one parent foreign-born/missing)
Applicants of native parentage. independent of firm’s opinion on criterion0.11**0.06− 0.17***   
Firm: criterion very important
* At least one parent foreign-born/missing
0.060.10− 0.16**   
Selection criteria: “The apprentice has to fit into the team.”
* Applicant’s ethnic background (ref. Firm: criterion less important * at least one parent foreign-born/missing)
Applicants of native parentage. Independent of firm’s opinion on criterion   0.030.14*− 0.17**
Firm: criterion very important
* At least one parent foreign-born/missing
   − 0.12*0.20**− 0.08
  1. N = 596 company-applicant dyads; control variables are the same as in the full models in Table 2; robust standard errors consider nested data structure; levels of statistical significance: +p < 0.10, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0. 0 01