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Table 1 An overview of the DIGCOMP competences and their general description, according to Ferrari (2013)

From: How do the digital competences of students in vocational schools differ from those of students in cooperative higher education institutions in Germany?

Dimensions of competenceGeneral description
Information and data literacyIdentify, locate, retrieve, store, organise and analyse digital information, judging its relevance and purpose
Communication and collaborationCommunicate in digital environments, share resources through online tools, link with others and collaborate through digital tools, interact with and participate in communities and networks, cross-cultural awareness
Digital content-creationCreate and edit new content (from word processing to images and video); integrate and re-elaborate previous knowledge and content; produce creative expressions, media outputs and programming; deal with and apply intellectual property rights and licences
SafetyPersonal protection, data protection, digital identity protection, security measures, safe and sustainable use
Problem solvingIdentify digital needs and resources, make informed decisions on most appropriate digital tools according to the purpose or need, solve conceptual problems through digital means, creatively use technologies, solve technical problems, update own and other’s competence