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Table 3 Intra-class correlations (ICC) und design effect for dependent variables of digital competence

From: How do the digital competences of students in vocational schools differ from those of students in cooperative higher education institutions in Germany?

 ICC0Design effect
Information and data literacy0.093.02
Communication and collaboration0.072.65
Digital content-creation0.011.15
Safety0.041.97
Problem solving0.021.38
  1. ICC0 Intra-class correlations empty model (without independent variables), design effect according to formula “1 + (average size of Level 2 clusters − 1) * ICC0