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Table 4 Multinomial lohgit sub-sample model with preferences and interaction (AME)

From: Vocational training choice from a regional perspective

  Agriculture Production Construction Science Logistics Trade Clerical Social services
 Individual characteristics
Gender (ref.male)
 Female −0.0149 (0.0071)* −0.4001 (0.0232)*** −0.0786 (0.0100)*** −0.0685 (0.0106)*** −0.0276 (0.0071)*** 0.0622 (0.0176)*** 0.1578 (0.0213)*** 0.3697 (0.0236)***
Migration background (ref.no)
 Yes −0.0202 (0.0060)*** −0.0260 (0.0236) −0.0306 (0.0107)** −0.0057 (0.0166) 0.0051 (0.0118) 0.0132 (0.0171) 0.0267 (0.0211) 0.0376 (0.0232)
 Mathematical competence 0.0021 (0.0023) 0.0218 (0.0122) −0.0000 (0.0070) 0.0063 (0.0064) −0.0021 (0.0051) −0.0170 (0.0103) 0.0206 (0.0110) −0.0317 (0.0120)**
 Reading competence −0.0063 (0.0037) −0.0042 (0.0082) −0.0145 (0.0044)** 0.0230 (0.0056)*** −0.0055 (0.0043) −0.0146 (0.0083) 0.0096 (0.0091) 0.0124 (0.0097)
 Overall grade 0.0048 (0.0089) −0.0032 (0.0204) 0.0224 (0.0095)* −0.0236 (0.0087) 0.0048 (0.0057) 0.0267 (0.0154) −0.0895 (0.0163)*** 0.0576 (0.0182)
Information vocational training position (ref.unlikely)
 Likely 0.0057 (0.0086) 0.0246 (0.0358) 0.0388 (0.0103)*** −0.0433 (0.0250) −0.0300 (0.0149) −0.0201 (0.0208) 0.0063 (0.0291) 0.0179 (0.0269)
Mobility (ref.immobile)
 Mobile −0.0109 (0.0063) −0.0254 (0.0214) −0.0285 (0.0098) 0.0087 (0.0125) 0.0219 (0.0084) 0.0135 (0.0151) 0.0074 (0.0178) 0.0133 (0.0165)
 Equivalized income −0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000) − 0.0000 (0.0000)
 Time lag −0.0045 (0.0071) −0.0587 (0.0182)** −0.0124 (0.0131) −0.0233 (0.0121) 0.0071 (0.0048) 0.0388 (0.0111)*** 0.0121 (0.0119) 0.0409 (0.0137)**
Occupational preferences
 Comfort aspect −0.0033 (0.0043) −0.0113 (0.0103) –0.0187 (0.0048)*** 0.0250 (0.0081)** −0.0158 (0.0044)*** −0.0053 (0.0094) 0.0368 (0.0094)*** −0.0074 (0.0111)
 Economic aspect −0.0137 (0.0050)** 0.0461 (0.0152)** −0.0109 (0.0050)* −0.0077 (0.0102) 0.0086 (0.0050) 0.0120 (0.0134) 0.0284 (0.0140)* −0.0629 (0.0143)***
 Social orientation 0.0128 (0.0045)** −0.0375 (0.0106)*** 0.0161 (0.0053)** −0.0125 (0.0055)* 0.0029 (0.0045) −0.0321 (0.0106)** −0.0413 (0.0105)*** 0.0917 (0.0119)***
Regional characteristics
Type of region (ref.urban regions)
 Regions with urbanization trend −0.0090 (0.0180) 0.0208 (0.0375) 0.0142 (0.0253) 0.0189 (0.0214) 0.0083 (0.0138) −0.0039 (0.0317) −0.0045 (0.0314) −0.0448 (0.0371)
 Rural regions −0.0234 (0.0206) 0.0293 (0.0504) 0.0021 (0.0269) 0.0482 (0.0375 −0.0008 (0.0145) −0.0083 (0.0469) 0.0038 (0.0423) −0.0509 (0.0482)
Occupational structure
 Share_Agriculture −0.0027 (0.0064) 0.0172 (0.0170) −0.0069 (0.0104) 0.0100 (0.0106) −0.0117 (0.0072) −0.0302 (0.0184) −0.0246 (0.0147) 0.0489 (0.0220)
 Share_Construction 0.0142 (0.0063) * 0.0227 (0.0201) 0.0107 (0.0101) −0.0593 (0.0211) **** 0.0165 (0.0083) * 0.0254 (0.0224) 0.0064 (0.0171) −0.0366 (0.0239)
Share_Science 0.0057 (0.0061) 0.0326 (0.0244) 0.0071 (0.0118) −0.0077 (0.0116) −0.0027 (0.0067) −0.0143(0.0183) −0.0303 (0.0135) 0.0096 (0.0166)
 Share_Logistics 0.0003 (0.0059) −0.0024 (0.0172) 0.0175** (0.0065) −0.0213 (0.0155) 0.0040 (0.0046) −0.0084 (0.0152) 0.0153 (0.0126) −0.0050 (0.0149)
 Share_Trade −0.0025 (0.0064) 0.0059 (0.0167) 0.0068 (0.0098) −0.0010 (0.0098) −0.0082 (0.0051) 0.0067 (0.0108) −0.0094 (0.0099) 0.0017 (0.0117)
 Share_Clerical 0.0016 (0.0039) −0.0080 (0.0173) 0.0051 (0.0077) −0.0042 (0.0081) 0.0058 (0.0056) 0.0150 (0.0120) 0.0210 (0.0098)* −0.0364 (0.0143)*
 Share_Social services −0.0081 (0.0076) 0.0195 (0.0223) 0.0090 (0.0123) −0.0141 (0.0149) −0.0069 (0.0083) −0.0050 (0.0221) 0.0042 (0.0162) 0.0014 (0.0235)
 Supply−demand relation vocational trainings −0.0059 (0.0047) −0.0051 (0.0110) −0.0085 (0.0068) −0.0195 (0.0103) 0.0112 (0.0044) 0.0126 (0.0128) 0.0194 (0.0109) −0.0042 (0.0116)
 Share of upper secondary school graduates −0.0107 (0.0055) 0.0207 (0.0124) 0.0184 (0.0061)** −0.0239 (0.0099)* 0.0079 (0.0040) 0.0005 (0.0125) −0.0073 (0.0117) −0.0056 (0.0150)
 Unemployment rate 0.0032 (0.0054) 0.0115 (0.0157) −0.0183 (0.0097) 0.0056 (0.0137) 0.0050 (0.0056) −0.0113 (0.0136) −0.0101 (0.0128) 0.0146 (0.0149)
Diversity index   (Simpson ) 0.0025 (0.0090) 0.0588 (0.0298)* .0094 (0.0129) −0.0337 (0.0172) −0.0091 (0.0101) −0.0214 (0.0237) 0.0011 (0.0163) −0.0075 (0.0241)
Interaction effects
 Comfort aspects with:
Type of region
Simpson index
Yes
Yes
       
 Economic aspects with:
Type of region
Simpson index
Yes
Yes
       
 Social orientation with:
Type of region
Simpson index
Yes
Yes
       
  1. N:1897; Pseudo R2:0.24, Log Likelihood: −2499.04; AIC:5176.08; BIC: 5669.86
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. Interaction effects see Figs. 5, 6, 7, 8