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Table 3 Moderator analysis results for categorical factors

From: Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) for young people in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome Factor Qb Mean ES 95% CI
Overall paid employment Study quality 6.49*   
  Medium   0.06 -0.01, 0.12
  Low   0.25 0.12, 0.38
Length of follow-up 0.273   
  Medium-term   0.12 0, 0.24
  Short-term   0.18 0, 0.36
Intervention type 1.43   
  Two-phase models   0.16 0.04, 0.28
  Other models   0.01 -0.2, 0.22
Gender 2.1   
  Female   0.1 0, 0.2
  Male   0.01 -0.08, 0.09
Formal employment Study quality 10.6*   
  Medium   0.12 0.05, 0.19
  Low   0.37 0.24, 0.5
Earnings Study quality 0.204   
  Medium   0.12 0.05, 0.18
  Low   0.15 0.01, 0.3
Length of follow-up 0.186   
  Medium-term   0.14 0.05, 0.24
  Short-term   0.22 -0.13, 0.58
Intervention type 0.397   
  Two-phase models   0.14 0.04, 0.23
  Other models   0.06 -0.15, 0.27
Gender 1.26   
  Female   0.14 0.08, 0.21
  Male   0.09 0.02, 0.16
Self-employment earnings** Gender 1.27   
  Female   0.03 -0.08, 0.13
  Male   -0.06 -0.18, 0.05
Weekly hours worked in paid employment Study quality 1.41   
  Medium   0.02 -0.05, 0.09
  Low   0.1 -0.01, 0.22
Length of follow-up 0.109   
  Medium-term   0.04 -0.03, 0.1
  Short-term   0.07 -0.1, 0.24
Intervention type 0.068   
  Two-phase models   0.04 -0.02, 0.1
  Other models   0.07 -0.14, 0.28
Gender 10.1*   
  Female   0.16 0.04, 0.28
  Male   -0.09 -0.2, 0.01
  1. Notes. *p < 0.05; **only medium quality studies used in this group.