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Table 3 The physical-technical entry competencies´ dependency on type of institution of higher education, course of studies, gender, participation in preparatory courses

From: Physical-technical prior competencies of engineering students

Variable Level Cohens d
Type of institution of higher education (N = 2306) University of applied sciences (9,5%) University (90,5%) 0.169**
Course of studies (N = 2181) Construction engineering (8,5%) Mechanical engineering (91,5%) 0.541***
Gender (N = 298) Male (87,5%) | female (12,5%) −0.378*
Preparatory course in mathematics (N = 293) No (49%) | yes (51%) −0.161
Preparatory course in physics (N = 293) No (89%) | yes (11%) 0.410*
Other preparatory course (N = 293) No (95%) | yes (5%) 0.113
  1. The last column specifies Cohen´s d and the significance of the t-Test.
  2. Levels of significance: ***p < .001; **p < .01; *p < .05.