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Table 1 Category scheme

From: Why is the pipeline leaking? Experiences of young women in STEM vocational education and training and their adjustment strategies

Category Content Code anchors
Women’s experiences
 Wrong sex References to women’s perception of feeling out of place Experience of differentiation in terms of being in the wrong job, misogynist statements, gender stereotypical expectations, customers have less trust in the women’s expertise and skills
 Exotic sex References to women’s minority status in the male-dominated school and workplace Experience of underlining the underrepresentation of women (e.g., teachers’ explicit naming of women within classroom)
 Archetypal sex References to women’s differences compared to men based on stereotypical attribution of ‘nature’ of sexes Challenges in terms of gendered prejudices, gendered division of labor within the work field (e.g., office work versus construction site)
 Weak sex References to women’s ‘deficits’ in terms of professional tasks performance Experience of discrimination in terms of placing emphasis on the weakness (e.g., physical differences)
Women’s adjustment strategies
 Resilience References to women’s capability of resistance Thick skin, constancy, authority, self-confidence, cheeky behavior, persistence, assertiveness, self assurance, speak out
 Assimilation References to women’s familiarization High lightening self-reported masculinity in behavior, in appearance and in leisure activities, negating feelings and emotions, male peer group, hide femininity, forceful discussion
 Excellence References to women’s high performance and engagement High effort, efficacy, ambitiousness, proof potential, persuasiveness, hard work
 Avoidance References to women’s avoidance tactics Invisibility, gender neutral appearance, ignorance of offending actions, immobility in the workplace, ignore discriminatory patter, avoid workplaces such as the construction site, turn a deaf ear, paying selective attention