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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the sample

From: How prior economic education influences beginning university students’ knowledge of economics

Sample size Total sample Subsample macro score Subsample micro score
Absolute In percentage Absolute % Absolute %
Number of students 511 100 251 100 260 100
Course in economics as major
 No course in economics as major 328 64.2 150 59.8 178 68.4
 Course in economics as major 180 35.2 101 40.2 79 30.4
 Missing values 3 .6 3 1.2
Attendance of an upper secondary school specializing in economics
 Standard upper secondary school 358 70.1 170 67.7 188 72.3
 Upper secondary school specializing in economics 152 29.7 81 32.3 71 27.3
 Missing values 1 .2 1 .4
Vocational training
 No vocational training 405 79.3 206 82.1 199 76.5
 Vocational training 105 20.5 44 17.5 61 23.5
 Missing values 1 .2 1 .4
Gender
 Female 266 52.1 134 53.4 132 50.8
 Male 245 47.9 117 46.6 128 49.2
 Missing values
Migration background
 Migration background 155 30.3 75 29.9 80 30.8
 No migration background 354 69.3 175 69.7 179 68.8
 Missing values 2 .4 1 .4 1 .4
Mean
 Final gradea   2.4 (.53) 2.4 (.51) 2.4 (.54)
 Missing values 7 1.4 2 .8 5 1.9
  1. Standard deviations are in parentheses
  2. aBetter grades are represented by lower numbers in the German grading system (1 = best grade; 4 = lowest passing grade)