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Table 8 Regression table (effect of formal training on wages-full table)

From: Vocational training in India: determinants of participation and effect on wages

Independent variables Model 1 (total) Model 2 (primary sector/agriculture and allied activities) Model 3 (secondary sector/manufacturing sector) Model 4 (tertiary sector/service sector)
Received formal training 0.0468 (0.0158)*** 0.369 (0.118)*** 0.176 (0.0309)*** 0.00280 (0.0182)
Place of residence [base-rural]
 Urban 0.200 (0.00582)*** 0.385 (0.0202)*** 0.130 (0.00845)*** 0.118 (0.00890)***
Age 0.0137 (0.000303)*** 0.00277 (0.000541)*** 0.00808 (0.000454)*** 0.0219 (0.000508)***
Sex [base-female]
 Male − 0.492 (0.00730)*** − 0.387 (0.0118)*** − 0.443 (0.0139)*** − 0.439 (0.0117)***
Marital status [base-never married]
 Ever married 0.204 (0.00834)*** 0.104 (0.0178)*** 0.162 (0.0114)*** 0.211 (0.0136)***
Educational level [base-not literate]
 Literate without formal education 0.0421 (0.0479) 0.0284 (0.0962) − 0.0893 (0.0628) 0.142 (0.0956)
 Primary and below 0.173 (0.00802)*** 0.0715 (0.0134)*** 0.0943 (0.0108)*** 0.244 (0.0200)***
 Secondary and middle 0.435 (0.00812)*** 0.135 (0.0165)*** 0.227 (0.0110)*** 0.626 (0.0180)***
 Higher Secondary and above 1.175 (0.00905)*** 0.681 (0.0401)*** 0.645 (0.0183)*** 1.300 (0.0174)***
Technical education [base-no technical education]
 With technical education 0.251 (0.0150)*** 0.405 (0.126)*** 0.478 (0.0308)*** 0.273 (0.0172)***
Religion [base-Hinduism]
 Islam 0.0296 (0.00893)*** 0.0553 (0.0219)** − 0.0291 (0.0124)** − 0.00257 (0.0140)
 Christianity 0.154 (0.0125)*** 0.125 (0.0332)*** 0.100 (0.0203)*** 0.0960 (0.0173)***
 Others 0.222 (0.0151)*** 0.184 (0.0348)*** 0.194 (0.0213)*** 0.201 (0.0220)***
Social group [base-STs]
 SCs − 0.104 (0.0103)*** 0.126 (0.0186)*** 0.0215 (0.0148) − 0.263 (0.0181)***
 OBCs − 0.111 (0.00956)*** 0.110 (0.0174)*** 0.0553 (0.0141)*** − 0.287 (0.0158)***
 General 0.0414 (0.0102)*** 0.209 (0.0226)*** 0.172 (0.0157)*** − 0.107 (0.0157)***
Constant 6.267 (0.0187)*** 6.181 (0.0375)*** 6.591 (0.0278)*** 6.130 (0.0343)***
Observations 75,247 13,233 25,747 34,576
R-squared 0.404 0.214 0.257 0.388
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1