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Table 5 Multinomial logit full-sample model without preferences (AME)

From: Vocational training choice from a regional perspective

  Agriculture Production Construction Science Logistics Trade Clerical Social Services
Individual characteristics
Gender (ref.male)
 Female −0.0127 (0.0054) * −0.4141 (0.0156) *** −0.1105 (0.0088) *** −0.0490 (0.0068) *** −0.0487 (0.0064) *** 0.0982 (0.0123) *** 0.1287 (0.0136) *** 0.4081 (0.0151) ***
Migration background (ref.no)
 Yes −0.0209 (0.0040)*** −0.0190 (0.0155) −0.0300 (0.0110) ** 0.0040 (0.0104) −0.0022 (0.0071) 0.0256 (0.0140) 0.0328 (0.0128) * 0.0097 (0.0175)
Mathematical competence 0.0008 (0.0021) 0.0340 (0.0088)*** −0.0085 (0.0061) 0.0097 (0.0044) * −0.0074 (0.0039) −0.0141 (0.0067) * 0.0104 (0.0077) −0.0249 (0.0077) **
 Reading competence −0.0027 (0.0030) −0.0064 (0.0070) −0.0105 (0.0049) * 0.0105 (0.0042) * −0.0042 (0.0036) 0.0052 (0.0059) 0.0029 (0.0062) 0.0156 (0.0067) *
 Overall grade 0.0019 (0.0056) −0.0055 (0.0157) 0.0273 (0.0092) ** −0.0206 (0.0076)** 0.0044 (0.0059) 0.0382 (0.0112)*** −0.0797 (0.0108) 0.0341 (0.0107)**
School degree (ref. LSS degree)
 ISS degree 0.0008 (0.0060) −0.0362 (0.0152) * −0.0557 (0.0115) *** 0.0401 (0.0076)*** −0.0170 (0.0074) * −0.0046 (0.0129) 0.0998 (0.0115) *** −0.0272 (0.0166)
Information vocational training position (ref.unlikely)
 Likely 0.0032 (0.0051) −0.0211 (0.0211) 0.0254 (0.0080) ** −0.0115 (0.0123) −0.0088
(0.0086)
−0.0317 (0.0178) −0.0008 (0.0168) 0.0453 (0.0174) **
Mobility (ref.immobile)
 Mobile −0.0082 (0.0043) −0.0078 (0.0164) −0.0182 (0.0084) * −0.0002 (0.0075) 0.0129 (0.0079) −0.0058 (0.0120) −0.0010 (0.0123) 0.0282 (0.0144)
 Equivalized income −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) 0.0000 (0.0000) −0.0000 (0.0000) *
 Time lag −0.0076 (0.0039) −0.0237 (0.0099)* −0.0228 (0.0075)** −0.0073 (0.0063) 0.0113 (0.0033)*** 0.0216 (0.0068)** 0.0101
(0.0068)
0.0184 (0.0086)*
Regional characteristics
Type of region (ref.urban regions)
 Regions with urbanization trend −0.0111 (0.0131) 0.0205 (0.0298) −0.0024 (0.0161) 0.0045 (0.0133) −0.0010 (0.0134) −0.0447 (0.0241) 0.0119 (0.0173) 0.0222 (0.0221)
 Rural regions −0.0128 (0.0179) 0.0436 (0.0392) −0.0183 (0.0186) 0.0176 (0.0190) −0.0183 (0.0152) −0.0702 (0.0287) 0.0421 (0.0302) 0.0162 (0.0269)
Occupational structure
 Share_Agriculture −0.0001 (0.0051) 0.0112 (0.0138) 0.0020 (0.0091) 0.0028 (0.0073) −0.0039 (0.0068) −0.0139 (0.0120) −0.0210 (0.0123) 0.0230 (0.0167)
 Share_Construction 0.0030 (0.0070) 0.0094 (0.0155) 0.0111 (0.0080) −0.0252 (0.0131) 0.0119 (0.0085) 0.0321 (0.0150) −0.0062 (0.0153) −0.0360 (0.0155) *
 Share_Science −0.0008 (0.0048) 0.0095 (0.0159) 0.0060 (0.0068) 0.0010 (0.0063) −0.0113 (0.0066) −0.0038 (0.0113) −0.0044 (0.0099) 0.0037 (0.0125)
 Share_Logistics −0.0006 (0.0050) −0.0158 (0.0117) 0.0194 (0.0043) *** −0.0102 (0.0091) −0.0056 (0.0055) −0.0021 (0.0113) 0.0190 (0.0109) −0.0041 (0.0113)
 Share_Trade −0.0014 (0.0047) 0.0049 (0.0102) 0.0004 (0.0060) 0.0009 (0.0056) −0.0060 (0.0047) 0.0136 (0.0075) 0.0001 (0.0078) −0.0125 (0.0087)
 Share_Clerical −0.0004 (0.0037) −0.0277 (0.0131) * 0.0208 (0.0055) *** −0.0017 (0.0044) 0.0025 (0.0046) 0.0097 (0.0074) 0.0236 (0.0068) *** −0.0267 (0.0102) **
 Share_Social services −0.0042 (0.0075) −0.0095 (0.0156) 0.0113 (0.0088) −0.0028 (0.0088) −0.0145 (0.0067)* 0.0106 (0.0148) 0.0152 (0.0118) −0.0061 (0.0164)
 Supply−demand relation vocational trainings −0.0052 (0.0041) −0.0179 (0.0084)* −0.0077 (0.0058) −0.0117 (0.0058)* 0.0056 (0.0041) 0.0077 (0.0084) 0.0194 (0.0087)* 0.0099 (0.0088)
 Share of upper secondary school graduates −0.0044 (0.0035) 0.0187 (0.0083)* 0.0064 (0.0074) −0.0131 (0.0053)* 0.0024 (0.0044) −0.0065 (0.0084) −0.0122 (0.0065) 0.0086 (0.0084)
 Unemployment rate −0.0044 (0.0045) 0.0007 (0.0114) −0.0215 (0.0069)** 0.0055 (0.0088) 0.0038 (0.0048) −0.0173 (0.0104) 0.0011 (0.0089) 0.0320 (0.0097)
 Simpson index −0.0032 (0.0086) 0.0269 (0.0232) 0.0133 (0.0098) −0.0169 (0.0092) −0.0162 (0.0089) 0.0072 (0.0149) 0.0163 (0.0109) −0.0273 (0.0165)
Interaction effect
School degree with:
Type of region
Simpson index
Yes
Yes
       
  1. N: 3403; Pseudo R2: 0.22; Log Likelihood: −4706.99; AIC: 9593.97; BIC: 10,145.89
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. Interaction effects see Figs. 9, 10